The truth is, the hips have a very difficult job to do. Take care of your HIP
Walking, getting up, squatting, running, etc. are some of the activities which are not possible without the proper hip joint. This hip joint is also known as a ball and socket joint. Any deformity and inflammation in the hip joint will result in pain and immobility. Today, the deformed or inflamed joint can be removed and replaced surgically with an implantable prosthetic joint resulting in relief from hip joint pain and mobility.
Total hip replacement surgery is also known as hip replacement arthroplasty where the problematic/ inflamed hip joint is removed and replaced with an implantable ball & socket joint made up of a metal and plastic combination mimicking the natural hip joint in functionality.
In the hip joint, the head of the femur bone (thigh bone) acts as a ball and its socket is present in the pelvis bone which is also known as the acetabulum. The hip joint is well supported by muscle, cartilage, tendons, and nerves. The implantable prosthetic joint is made of 3 parts – the ball, the socket, and the stem made up of a metal (titanium/chromium) and plastic combination.
X-ray, the radiological image is taken routinely whereas in complex cases CT scan imaging is suggested which helps in better understanding the joint anatomy, and 3D reconstruction is prepared for step-by-step surgery planning. Sometimes, a 3-D printing model is processed for formulating a patient’s need-based customized implant, in terms of size and shape to suit the individual joints’ needs.
The prosthetic implant for hip replacement is selected based on the age of the patient, activity level of the patient, and affordability for replacement surgery. These implants are made up of multiple combinations like metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) or Ceramic-on-Ceramic (CoC) or Ceramic-on-Polyethylene (CoP) or Metal-on-Metal (MoM) or Ceramic heads with Metallic inserts. The wear of the implant depends upon the material and ceramic-made implant has shown the least wear and lasts longer because of this it is a preferred choice for younger age patients.
Total Hip Replacement Surgery Procedure:
The surgeon discusses the step-by-step surgery plan with his team and checks the surgery preparation. The surgery is performed under anesthesia and takes around 1-2 hours. The step-wise surgery proceeding can be understood as –
Some of the notable advantages of total hip replacement surgery are –
After the discharge, if the patient encounters any of the following clinical situations, report to the surgeon on an immediate basis –
The risk can be as listed below –
Patients who could not benefit in spite of long-term non-surgical treatments like medications, physiotherapy, or changes in lifestyle/body movement, etc. And the stiffness, and pain impacting day-to-day independent chores of life and quality of life (emotional & social). Total hip replacement surgery is indicated in the following medical conditions –
Total hip replacement surgery is contra-indicated to the following type of patients –
Post-surgery, the patient’s stay in the hospital may be for 4-8 days depending upon his/her ability to progress with rehabilitation. Once the patient is able to carry on his/her basic daily chores, discharge is processed.
The total hip replacement surgery takes place in 1-2 hours depending upon the type of surgical approach and the hip’s clinical condition
The reasons for considering ceramic implants for younger aged patients are as follows –
. Some of the arrangements at home will make the rehabilitation and recovery phase smooth for the patient –
In living space:
There are 206 bones in the human body. However, babies are born with 300 bones…how is that?
You may be wondering if an adult has 206 bones in the body, where do all of the bones go? The answer is that the bones don’t disappear; instead, the tiny bones fuse together to form the larger bones in the skeletal system