Dr. Basavaraj C M- Best Orthopedic Surgeon

The hip is the core of our body, enabling us to perform the most flexible and basic movements

The truth is, the hips have a very difficult job to do. Take care of your HIP

Best Hip Replacement Surgeon in RR Nagar

TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT

Overview

Hip joint is the joint between the thigh bone (femur) and the pelvis. It is a ball and socket type of joint. The articulating parts are the femoral head (ball) and the acetabulum (socket). The joint surfaces are covered with special cushion layer called articular cartilage, which makes these surfaces smooth.

Arthritis develops when this articular cartilage gets damaged

More about Total Hip Replacement

The various causes are age related wear and tear of the articular cartilage “Primary Osteoarthritis” which is most common cause.

The other causes could be Inflammatory like rheumatoid arthritis, child hood disorders of hips , following injury to the hip joint (fracture neck of femur), cessation of blood supply to hip ( Avascular necrosis of femoral head).

Initial line of treatment would be non-operative, painkillers, physiotherapy, modification of certain activities of daily living like using walking aids, using raised toilet seats.

When the pain is not coming under control with non-operative measures, then it would be appropriate to consider surgery.

Frequently Asked Questions

When the pain is not coming under control with non-operative measures, then it would be appropriate to consider surgery.

Total Hip Replacement consists of replacing the ball and socket of the hip joint with an artificial surface made either from metal and or from plastic/ceramic. This is usually done because of an irregularity of the surface of the ball and or the socket.

The procedure was first attempted over a hundred years ago but the present day systems all owe their existence to the works of Sir. John Charnley and have been around in the present form since the late fifties and early sixties. There have been many changes /refinements to the prosthesis and the present improvements have been to the materials used for the manufacture of the prosthesis  Total hip replacement is considered to be one of the most successful operation of the 20th century.

Total hip replacement is considered to be the most successful operation of the 20th century. It carries a success rate of 96-98 %. However there are some risks(although rare), which are infection(1%), deep vein thrombosis (normally blood does not clot with in our body, but following surgeries blood can clot within the blood vessels of the legs causing swelling of the legs. These clots could dislodge and the blood flow could carry them into the lungs(this is called pulmonary embolism). The other risks dislocation, leg length discrepancy, and anesthetic complications.

The major complications of a hip replacement are:

1.Dislocation: This is rare as the hip is a very stable joint; the incidence is <2%

2.Infections: This can be further classified as acute<2 weeks; intermediate upto 15 months and delayed anytime later.

Acute infections occur in the immediate post op period and may be because of contamination; seeding of bugs from another source. This may be managed with IV medications and local care like a lavage without removing the prosthesis.

Intermediate infections again are usually from seeding from other sites like teeth,lungs, kidneys etc. The management may be similar to the acute stage but not always can you save the prosthesis. This may require a staged revision if eradication of infection is the goal

Late infections like the term means infection at a late stage. This is usually secondary to other factors like infections of the urinary tract; pneumonia, and other systemic infection, which cause a septicemia and seeding of the organisms into the joint. These are generally handled with staged revisions namely removal and clean out of the joint; placement of an antibiotic spacer to maintain soft tissue tension/ architecture followed by a secondary joint placement. The success rate of these in the best of hands is about 75-80%

I or a colleague will see you later on the day after the hip replacement and get you up standing and may get you to take a few steps.

Physical therapy starts the same day or next and he works with you to start walking with a walker, manipulating stairs and also will go through the programme for you to use post discharge. Ambulation will be with a walker and we suggest this for the first 3-4 weeks.We will make arrangements for a bed side commode for use in the hospital and suggest you modify your toilet at home so as to raise the seat. We do not want you to bend your hip more than 90 degrees. It is advisable to always have a pillow between your legs so that you don’t cross your legs. Try and keep the foot and knee looking straight up when lying in bed

The dressings are changed prior to discharge and we do not want you to fool with it, till we see you in the clinic.You should avoid getting your wound wet till we see you in the clinic and so you will skip showers/bath and just sponge/towel baths.

Deep breathing, coughing will also be encouraged as well as the use of the spirometer. This is done to get your lungs to expand fully.

I generally let you go home the third or fourth day

Dr. Basavaraj C M- Best orthopedic surgeon

Interesting Facts about Bone

There are 206 bones in the human body.  However, babies are born with 300 bones…how is that?

You may be wondering if an adult has 206 bones in the body, where do all of the bones go? The answer is that the bones don’t disappear; instead, the tiny bones fuse together to form the larger bones in the skeletal system

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