- 91 80 37455555
- 91 80 26255555
Patellofemoral Replacement Surgery
Patellofemoral Replacement Surgery is one the partial knee replacement surgery where the affected part of the knee joint – patellofemoral compartment is only replaced/resurfaced with an implant. This compartment of the knee is made up of the undersurface of the patella (knee cap) and the intercondylar groove of the femoral bone. And inflammation or wear & tear in this part of the knee joint results in painful mobility. As a single compartment of the knee joint is replaced, it is also called unicompartmental knee replacement.
The articulating surface i.e., the distal end of the patella and the groovy end of the femur bone upon which the patella rests form a unique and complex joint that is well supported by the muscles, ligaments, and neurons; ensuring the different movements and activity. The inflammation of these articulating surfaces results in painful and restricted joint movement/ mobility. The aim of Patellofemoral replacement surgery is to alleviate knee pain and restore mobility in life by preserving the healthy and natural parts of the knee joints – bone, muscle, and ligaments.
. Only when the non-operative treatment options like medication and physiotherapy sessions have eased to provide benefit to the patient, the orthopaedic surgeon recommends this replacement surgery in order to restore basic daily activity without any pain and improve the quality of life. Patient complaints of severe pain impacting basic activities like –
Some of the common knee joint conditions considered for patella femoral replacement surgery are –
. Radiological imaging like X-ray and MRI scans are prescribed for a better understanding of the extent of damage and planning the treatment plan – surgery in step-by-step manner.
This replacement surgery is done under general anaesthesia along with a Pain buster and nerve block for optimal pain management. The replacement surgery can be understood as 3 steps –
The patella femoral replacement surgery is shorter surgery compared to the complete knee replacement which lasts approximately for 45-60 minutes. The patient will be shifted to ICU for recovery.
. The patient experiences the following advantages-
The possibility of risk may be –
Following the surgery, the patient is given a step-down approach before discharge from the hospital with aim of regaining independence in doing most of the daily activities by themselves.
Post-surgery, physical therapy is started for strengthening the muscle that supports the knee joint. Other therapies that reduce pain and swelling are also followed. Some of the physical exercises are –
The patient progresses from walking with frames to crutches to walking sticks to independent solo walking where weight-bearing capacity is increased with the strengthening of muscle
Post-surgery patient is encouraged for being active with leg and knee joint movements followed by walking with support. The strengthening of the muscles is directly correlated with the resumption of independent active life; faster strengthening of muscles sooner will be the recovery